Showing posts with label BITS-Pilani. Show all posts
Showing posts with label BITS-Pilani. Show all posts

Monday, April 18, 2011

Birla Institute Of Technology And Science (BITS Pilani)

1 - Institute Name address and Web address:
                           BITS-Pilani (Birla Institute Of Technology And Science )

Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS, Pilani)
Vidya Vihar Campus
PIN Code - 333031
Switch Board / Exchange   91 01596 245073/4 
Fax 91 01596 244183
Web address
2. Year of estabilishment: 1964
3. Branch Offered                    
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Computer Science and Engineering
  • Electronics and Electrical Engineering
  • Electronics & instrumentation  Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

4. Mode of admission: BITSAT (Online admission test)
5 - Institute Infra Structure:
Conference rooms, Center for software development, Center for education technology,
Center for robotics and intelligent system, Center for desert development technologies, Center for entrepreneurial leadership, Professional development centre, Center for women studies, rail water harvesting, Technology business incubator, Laboratories,  Guest house & quarters, Library ,etc.

6. Faculty: Institute is having world class faculty including Professors, readers, lecturers, etc. BITS-Pilani is also having it’s R & D centers, faculty exchange program from other institute and universities.

7 - Institute Facilities
Sports & gym, Hostels, Dining halls, Visitor’s guest house, Auditorium Transport , Health services, Banks & ATM ,Campus wide LAN Post office, Student activity centre, canteens etc.

8- Placements: several national and MNC are visiting campus regularly. You can visit the institute website for detailed information or visit the following link BITS Pllani Placements 

BITSAT 2011 - Birla Institute of Science & Technology Admission Notification 2011

A Computer Based Online Test for Admission to Integrated First Degree programmes of BITS, Pilani,  2011-2012

BITSAT Online Tests
Admissions to Integrated first degree programmes, at Pilani campus, Goa campus and Hyderabad Campus for I Semester 2011-2012 will be made through a computer based online test conducted by BITS. This test is referred to as ' BITS Admission Test', in short as BITSAT.

BITSAT 2011 Important Dates

Deadline to apply for BITSAT-2011 by submitting a printout of the completed form to the undersigned is 5.00 p.m. on 31st January, 2011
The test will be conducted between 11th May - 10th June, 2011
In addition to applying and appearing for BITSAT-2011, candidates will have to apply for admission to BITS through a separate application form for seeking admission to programmes offered at Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad campuses along with the details of the 12th class marks. The prescribed application form, the detailed application procedure and the final list of degree programmes offered will be available by 20th May, 2011 on the BITS website

1. Integrated First Degree Programmes to which admissions will be made on the basis of BITSAT-2010:
Integrated first degree programmes
B.E. (Hons): Chemical Engineering (Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad); Civil Engineering (Pilani, Hyderabad); Computer Science (Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad); Electrical and Electronics Engineering (Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad); Electronics and Communication Engineering (Hyderabad); Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering (Pilani, Goa); Mechanical Engineering (Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad); Manufacturing Engineering (Pilani)
B.Pharm (Hons) (Pilani)
M.Sc (Hons): Biological Sciences (Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad); Chemistry (Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad); Economics (Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad); Mathematics (Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad); Physics (Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad)
M.Sc (Tech): General Studies (Pilani); Finance (Pilani); Information System (Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad)

Note: All students admitted to M.Sc(Hons.) programmes are given an option to work for a second degree for one of the B.E. (Hons.)/B.Pharm.(Hons.) programmes under the dual degree scheme, assignment being made by competition on their performance at BITS at the end of first year, separately in Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad campuses. Under this scheme, a student normally requires five years to complete both the degrees and is awarded both the degrees, namely M.Sc.(Hons.) and B.E.(Hons.)/B.Pharm.(Hons.)

2.        BITSAT Eligibility:

Eligibility criteria: For admission to any of the above integrated first degree programmes the candidate should have passed the 12th class examination of 10+2 system from a recognized central or state board or its equivalent with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
Further, the candidate should have obtained a minimum of 80% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics subjects in 12th class examination, at least 60% marks in each of Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics subjects and adequate proficiency in English
However, admissions will be made only on his/her merit position based on the score obtained in BITSAT-2011
Only students who are appearing for 12th class examination in 2011 or who have passed the 12th class examination in 2010 are eligible to appear for BITSAT-2011
Students who are presently studying in BITS at any of its campuses are not eligible to appear for BITSAT-2011
Direct admission to board toppers
Students who obtain first rank in any central or state level board exam in India held in the year 2011 will be given direct admission to the programme of their choice, irrespective of their BITSAT-2011 scoresubject to fulfilling the eligibility criteria mentioned above
In addition to applying and appearing for BITSAT-2011, candidates will have to apply for admission to BITS through a separate application form for seeking admission to programmes offered at Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad campuses along with the details of the 12th class marks. The prescribed application form, the detailed application procedure and the final list of degree programmes offered will be available by 20th May, 2011 on the BITS website

3.         BITSAT Test Details

Computer Based Online test’ means the candidate sits in front of a computer and the questions are presented on the computer monitor and the candidate answers the questions on the computer through the use of keyboard or mouse. Each computer is connected to a server, which prepares the question set and delivers it to the candidate on the computer. This is unlike the traditional paper-pencil based test, which is generally offered on a single day to all candidates. BITSAT-2011 will be offered over a period of time and the candidate can choose the Center, the Day and Time of his/her convenience to take the test, as described in the later sections.

BITSAT-2011 Test Format

BITSAT-2010 will be of total 3-hour duration (without break). The test consists of four parts:
         Part I                 :        Physics
         Part II       :        Chemistry
         Part III      :        (a) English Proficiency and           (b) Logical Reasoning
         Part IV      :        Mathematics
All questions are of objective type (multiple choice questions); each question with choice of four answers, only one being correct choice. Each correct answer fetches 3 marks, while each incorrect answer has a penalty of 1 mark.  No marks are awarded for not attempted questions. While the candidate can skip a question, the computer will not allow the candidate to choose more than one option as correct answer.
There will be 150 questions in all. The number of questions in each part is as follows:

No of questions
Part I
Part II
Part III
(a) English Proficiency
(b) Logical Reasoning
Part IV

There is no time limit for individual parts of the test. The candidate can go back and change any of his/her answers among the 150 questions.

If a candidate answers all the 150 questions (without skipping any question), the candidate will have an option of attempting 12 (twelve) extra questions, if there is still time left. These extra questions will be from Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics only; four questions from each part.  Further, once the candidate has opted for extra questions, he cannot go back for correction of any of the earlier answered 150 questions.

The questions are so designed that a good student will be able to answer 150 questions in 180 minutes. The extra questions (a maximum of 12) will give a chance to highly meritorious candidates to score higher. However, candidates should keep in mind the fact that there is negative marking for wrong answers and any attempt to answer the questions by pure guessing of the answers is not likely to have any advantage, but may result in a reduction in the total score.
The questions will be selected at random from a large question bank. Different candidates will get different question sets. An expert committee will ensure that the question sets are of comparable difficulty level, content, question type etc. In this matter, the decision of the expert committee will be final and binding on the candidate.
All the questions and instructions of the test will be in English only. Candidates should bring a pen for the purpose of rough work, signing etc. Blank sheets for rough work will be provided, if required. Calculators and logarithmic tables are not allowed in the test centers. Candidates are not allowed to bring any other personal belongings such as mobiles.

Each candidate who registers for BITSAT-2011 will be instructed to download a ‘Hall Ticket’. Candidates with the hall ticket only will be allowed inside the Test centers. All centers are closely monitored for security and candidates’ identity and activities will be recorded using web cameras and/or closed circuit TV cameras. Anyone violating the rules of the test center will not be allowed to continue with the test and will automatically be disqualified.

BITSAT 2011 Syllabus:

The BITSAT-2011 test will be conducted on the basis of NCERT syllabus for 11th and 12th class. The detailed syllabus is given in the Annexure. Candidates may refer to the NCERT text books for the contents. A sample test will be made available to the registered candidates at the BITS website on which he/she can practice as many times as desired.   BITSAT 2011 Syllabus

How to Apply for BITSAT 2011

How to apply: Interested candidates should register for BITSAT-2011 by applying in the prescribed application form at
The print out of the filled form along with the prescribed fees of Rs 1500/- (Rs 1000/- for female candidates) should be sent to admission officer, BITS, Pilani-333031
Options for payment of fees are given at the website
Deadline to apply for BITSAT-2011 by submitting a printout of the completed form to the undersigned is 5.00 p.m. on 31st January, 2011
BITSAT-2011: It is a 3 hour test, offered to candidates on computers at dedicated centers in different cities in India and at the Dubai campus
The test will have objective type (multiple choices) questions only
The test will be conducted between 11th May - 10th June, 2011
The syllabus and other details of the test are available in BITSAT-2011 brochure, which will be available from the website

Deadline to apply for BITSAT-2011 by submitting a printout of the completed form to the undersigned is 5.00 p.m. on 31st January, 2011

BITSAT 2011 Syllabus

BITSAT Online Test Syllabus
BITSAT 2011 Mathematics Syllabus 
1. Algebra 
   1. Complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, roots of complex numbers, geometric interpretations.
   2. Theory of Quadratic equations, quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions, relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, equations reducible to quadratic equations.
   3.  Logarithms and their properties. 
   4. Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progressions, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, arithmetico-geometric series, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers.
   5.  Exponential series.
   6. Permutations and combinations, Permutations as an arrangement and combination as selection, simple applications.
   7. Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, properties of binomial coefficients.
  8.Matrices and determinants of order two or three, properties and evaluation of determinants, addition and multiplication of matrices, adjoint and inverse of matrices, Solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables.
   9. Sets, Relations and Functions, algebra of sets applications, equivalence relations, mappings, one-one, into and onto mappings, composition of mappings.
  10. Mathematical Induction
  11.  Linear Inequalities, solution of linear inequalities in one and two variables. 
2. Trigonometry 
   1. Trigonometric ratios, functions and identities.
   2. Solution of trigonometric equations.
   3. Properties of triangles and solutions of triangles
   4. Inverse trigonometric functions
   5. Heights and distances 
3. Two-dimensional Coordinate Geometry 
   1. Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin.
   2. Straight lines and pair of straight lines: Equation of straight lines in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line, lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrent lines.
   3. Circles and family of circles : Equation of circle in various form, equation of tangent, normal & chords, parametric equations of a circle , intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of circle through point of intersection of two circles, conditions for two intersecting circles to be orthogonal.
   4.  Conic sections: parabola, ellipse and hyperbola their eccentricity, directrices & foci, parametric forms, equations of tangent & normal, conditions for y=mx+c to be a tangent and point of tangency. 
4. Three dimensional Coordinate Geometry 
   1. Direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of a straight line in space and skew lines.
   2. Angle between two lines whose direction ratios are given
   3. Equation of a plane, distance of a point from a plane, condition for coplanarity of three lines. 
5. Differential calculus 
   1. Domain and range of a real valued function, Limits and Continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, Differentiability.
   2. Derivative of different types of functions (polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, implicit functions), derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, chain rule.
   3. Geometric interpretation of derivative, Tangents and Normals.
   4. Increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of a function.
   5. Rolle's Theorem, Mean Value Theorem and Intermediate Value Theorem. 
6. Integral calculus 
   1. Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions.
   2. Methods of integration: Integration by substitution, Integration by parts, integration by partial fractions, and integration by trigonometric identities.
   3. Definite integrals and their properties, Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus and its applications.
   4. Application of definite integrals to the determination of areas of regions bounded by simple curves. 
7. Ordinary Differential Equations 
   1. Variables separable method.
   2. Solution of homogeneous differential equations.
   3. Linear first order differential equations 
8. Probability 
   1. Addition and multiplication rules of probability.
   2. Conditional probability
   3. Independent events
   4. Discrete random variables and distributions 
9. Vectors 
   1. Addition of vectors, scalar multiplication.
   2. Dot and cross products of two vectors.
   3. Scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations. 
10. Statistics 
   1. Measures of dispersion
   2. Measures of skewness and Central Tendency 
11. Linear Programming 
   1. Formulation of linear Programming
   2. Solution of linear Programming, using graphical method. 

BITSAT 2011 Physics Syllabus 
1. Units & Measurement 
   1. Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
   2. Dimensional Analysis
   3. Precision and significant figures
   4. Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc) 
2. Kinematics 
   1. Properties of vectors
   2. Position, velocity and acceleration vectors 
   3. Motion with constant acceleration
   4. Projectile motion
   5. Uniform circular motion
   6. Relative motion 
3. Newton's Laws of Motion 
   1. Newton's laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
   2. Motion on an inclined plane
   3. Motion of blocks with pulley systems
   4. Circular motion - centripetal force
   5. Inertial and non-inertial frames 
4. Impulse and Momentum 
   1. Definition of impulse and momentum
   2. Conservation of momentum
   3. Collisions
   4. Momentum of a system of particles
   5. Center of mass 
5. Work and Energy 
   1. Work done by a force
   2. Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
   3. Power
   4. Conservative forces and potential energy
   5. Conservation of mechanical energy 
6. Rotational Motion 
   1. Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration)
   2. Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
   3. Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy6.4 Torque and angular momentum
   4. Conservation of angular momentum
   5.  Rolling motion 
7. Gravitation 
   1. Newton's law of gravitation
   2. Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
   3.  Motion of planets - Kepler's laws, satellite motion 
8. Mechanics of Solids and Fluids 
   1. Elasticity
   2. Pressure, density and Archimedes' principle
   3. Viscosity and Surface Tension
   4. Bernoulli's theorem 
9. Oscillations 
   1. Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
   2. Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
   3. Forced & damped oscillations, resonance 
10. Waves 
   1. Progressive sinusoidal waves
   2. Standing waves in strings and pipes
   3. Superposition of waves beats 
11. Heat and Thermodynamics 
   1. Kinetic theory of gases
   2. Thermal equilibrium and temperature
   3. Specific heat
   4. Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
   5. 2nd law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine - Efficiency and Coefficient of performance 
12. Electrostatics 
   1. Coulomb's law
   2.  Electric field (discrete and continuous charge distributions)
   3.  Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
   4.  Gauss' law and its applications
   5. Electric dipole
   6. Capacitance and dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel) 
13. Current Electricity 
   1. Ohm's law, Joule heating
   2. D.C circuits - Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff's laws, potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge,
   3. Electrical Resistance (Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity). 
14. Magnetic Effect of Current 
   1. Biot-Savart's law and its applications
   2. Ampere's law and its applications
  3. Lorentz force, force on current carrying conductors in a magnetic field
   4. Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion to voltmeter and ammeter 
15. Electromagnetic Induction 
   1. Faraday's law, Lenz's law, eddy currents
   2. Self and mutual inductance
   3. Transformers and generators
   4. Alternating current (peak and rms value)
   5. AC circuits, LCR circuits 
16. Optics 
   1. Laws of reflection and refraction
   2. Lenses and mirrors
   3. Optical instruments - telescope and microscope
   4.  Interference - Huygen's principle, Young's double slit experiment
   5.  Interference in thin films
   6.  Diffraction due to a single slit
   7.  Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (only qualitative ideas), Electromagnetic spectrum
   8. Polarization - states of polarization, Malus' law, Brewster's law 
17. Modern Physics 
   1. Dual nature of light and matter - Photoelectric effect. De Broglie wavelength
   2. Atomic models - Rutherford's experiment, Bohr's atomic model
   3.  Hydrogen atom spectrum
   4. Radioactivity

   5. Nuclear reactions: Fission and fusion, binding energy 

BITSAT 2011 Chemistry Syllabus  
1. States of Matter 
   1. Measurement: Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant figures.
   2. Chemical reactions: Laws of chemical combination, Dalton's atomic theory; Mole concept; Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition & molecular formula; Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry
   3. Gaseous state: Kinetic theory - Maxwell distribution of velocities, Average, root mean square and most probable velocities and relation to temperature, Diffusion; Deviation from ideal behaviour - Critical temperature, Liquefaction of gases, van der Waals equation. 
   4. Liquid state: Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.
   5. Solid state: Classification; Space lattices & crystal systems; Unit cell - Cubic & hexagonal systems; Close packing; Crystal structures: Simple AB and AB2 type ionic crystals, covalent crystals - diamond & graphite, metals. Imperfections- Point defects, non-stoichiometric crystals; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties; Amorphous solids - qualitative description. 
2. Atomic Structure 
   1. Introduction: Subatomic particles; Rutherford's picture of atom; Hydrogen atom spectrum and Bohr model.
   2. Quantum mechanics: Wave-particle duality - de Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle; Hydrogen atom: Quantum numbers and wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes (s, p, and d), Spin quantum number.
   3. Many electron atoms: Pauli exclusion principle; Aufbau principle and the electronic configuration of atoms, Hund's rule.
   4. Periodicity: Periodic law and the modern periodic table; Types of elements: s, p, d, and f blocks; Periodic trends: ionization energy, atomic and ionic radii, electron affinity, and valency.
   5. Nucleus: Natural and artificial radioactivity; Nuclear reactions, Artificial transmutation ofelements. 
3. Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure 
   1. Ionic Bond: Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle
   2. Molecular Structure: Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model & molecular shapes
   3. Covalent Bond: Valence Bond Theory- Orbital overlap, Directionality of bonds & hybridistaion (s & p orbitals only), Resonance; Molecular orbital theory- Methodology, Orbital energy level diagram, Bond order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species.
   4. Metallic Bond: Qualitative description.
   5. Intermolecular Forces: Polarity; Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond. 
4. Thermodynamics 
   1. Basic Concepts: Systems and surroundings; State functions; Intensive & Extensive Properties; Zeroth Law and Temperature
   2. First Law of Thermodynamics: Work, internal energy, heat, enthalpy, heat capacities; Enthalpies of formation, phase transformation, ionization, electron gain; Thermochemistry; Hess's Law.
   3. Second and Third Laws: Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy related to spontaneity and non-mechanical work; Standard free energies of formation, free energy change and chemical equilibrium; Third Law and Absolute Entropies. 
5. Physical and Chemical Equilibria 
   1. Concentration Units: Mole Fraction, Molarity, and Molality
   2. Solutions: Solubility of solids and gases in liquids, Vapour Pressure, Raoult's law, Relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression in freezing point; elevation in boiling point; osmotic pressure, determination of molecular mass.
   3. Physical Equilibrium: Equilibria involving physical changes (solid-liquid, liquid-gas, solid-gas), Adsorption, Physical and Chemical adsorption, Langmuir Isotherm.
   4. Chemical Equilibria: Equilibrium constants (KP, KC), Le-Chatelier's principle.
  5.  Ionic Equilibria: Strong and Weak electrolytes, Acids and Bases (Arrhenius, Lewis, Lowry and Bronsted) and their dissociation; Ionization of Water; pH; Buffer solutions; Acid-base titrations; Hydrolysis; Solubility Product of Sparingly Soluble Salts; Common Ion Effect.
   6. Factors Affecting Equilibria: Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Catalysts, Significance of DG and DG0 in Chemical Equilibria. 
6. Electrochemistry 
   1. Redox Reactions: Oxidation-reduction reactions (electron transfer concept); Oxidation number; Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Electrode potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Gibbs energy change and cell potential; Concentration cells; Secondary cells; Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention.
   2.  Electrolytic Conduction: Electrolytic Conductance; Specific, equivalent and molar conductivities; Kolhrausch's Law and its application, Faraday's laws of electrolysis; Electrode potential and electrolysis, Commercial production of the chemicals, NaOH, Na, Al, C12, & F2 
7. Chemical Kinetics 
   1. Aspects of Kinetics: Rate and Rate expression of a reaction; Rate constant; Order of reaction; Integrated rate expressions for zero and first order reactions; Half-life; Determination of rate constant and order of reaction
   2. Factor Affecting the Rate of the Reactions: Temperature dependence of rate constant; Activation energy; Catalysis, Surface catalysis, enzymes, zeolites; Factors affecting rate of collisions between molecules; Effect of light.
   3. Mechanism of Reaction: Elementary reactions; Complex reactions; Reactions involving two/three steps only; Photochemical reactions; Concept of fast reactions.
   4. Radioactive isotopes: Half-life period; Radiochemical dating. 
8. Hydrogen and s-block elements 
   1. Hydrogen: Element: unique position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes; Dihydrogen: preparation, properties, reactions, and uses; Molecular, saline, interstitial hydrides; Water: Properties; Structure and aggregation of water molecules; Hard and soft water; Heavy water; Hydrogen peroxide.
   2. s-block elements: Abundance and occurrence; Anomalous properties of the first elements in each group; diagonal relationships.
   3. Alkali metals: Lithium, sodium and potassium: occurrence, extraction, reactivity, and electrode potentials; Reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens and liquid ammonia; Basic nature of oxides and hydroxides; Halides; Properties and uses of compounds such as NaCl, Na2CO3, NaHCO3, NaOH, KCl, and KOH.
   4. Alkaline earth metals: Magnesium and calcium: Occurrence, extraction, reactivity and electrode potentials; Reactions with non-metals; Solubility and thermal stability of oxo salts; Properties and uses of important compounds such as CaO, Ca(OH)2, plaster of Paris, MgSO4, MgCl2, CaCO3, and CaSO4; Lime and limestone, cement. 
9. p- d- and f-block elements 
   1. General: Abundance, distribution, physical and chemical properties, isolation and uses of elements; Trends in chemical reactivity of elements of a group; Extraction and refining of metals.
   2. Group 13 elements: Boron; Properties and uses of borax, boric acid, boron hydrides & halides. Reaction of aluminum with acids and alkalis;
   3. Group 14 elements: Carbon: Uses, Allotropes (graphite, diamond, fullerenes), oxides, halides and sulphides, carbides; Silicon: Silica, silicates, silicones; Tin and lead: Extraction, halides and oxides.
   4. Group 15 elements: Dinitrogen; Reactivity and uses of nitrogen and its compounds; Industrial and biological nitrogen fixation; Ammonia: Haber's process, properties and reactions; Oxides of nitrogen and their structures; Ostwald's process of nitric acid production; Fertilizers - NPK type; Production of phosphorus; Allotropes of phosphorus; Preparation, structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids and halides of phosphorus.
   5. Group 16 elements: Isolation and chemical reactivity of dioxygen; Acidic, basic and amphoteric oxides; Preparation, structure and properties of ozone; Allotropes of sulphur; Production of sulphur and sulphuric acid; Structure and properties of oxides, oxoacids, hydrides and halides of sulphur.
   6. Group 17 and group 18 elements: Structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids of chlorine; Inter halogen compounds; Bleaching Powder; Preparation, structure and reactions of xenon fluorides, oxides, and oxoacids.
   7. d-block elements: General trends in the chemistry of first row transition elements; Metallic character; Oxidation state; Ionic radii; Catalytic properties; Magnetic properties; Interstitial compounds; Occurrence and extraction of iron, copper, silver, zinc, and mercury; Alloy formation; Steel and some important alloys; preparation and properties of CuSO4, K2Cr2O7, KMnO4, Mercury halides; Silver nitrate and silver halides; Photography.
   8. f-block elements: Lanthanides and actinides; Oxidation states and chemical reactivity of lanthanide compounds; Lanthanide contraction; Comparison of actinides and lanthanides.
   9. Coordination Compounds: Coordination number; Ligands; Werner's coordination theory; IUPAC nomenclature; Application and importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems e.g. chlorophyll, vitamin B12, and hemoglobin); Bonding: Valence-bond approach, Crystal field theory (qualitative); Stability constants; Shapes, color and magnetic properties; Isomerism including stereoisomerisms; Organometallic compounds. 
10. Principles of Organic Chemistry and Hydrocarbons 
1. Classification:  Based on functional groups, trivial and IUPAC nomenclature.
2 Electronic displacement in a covalent bond:  Inductive, resonance effects, and hyperconjugation; free radicals; carbocations, carbanion, nucleophile and electrophile; types of reactions.
3. Alkanes and cycloalkanes:  Structural isomerism and general properties.
4. Alkenes and alkynes: General methods of preparation and reactions, physical properties, electrophilic and free radical additions, acidic character of alkynes and (1,2 and 1,4) addition to dienes.
5. Aromatic hydrocarbons: Sources; Properties; Isomerism; Resonance delocalization; polynuclear hydrocarbons; mechanism of electrophilic substitution reaction, directive influence and effect of substituents on reactivity.
6. Haloalkanes and haloarenes: Physical properties, chemical reactions.
7. Petroleum: Composition and refining, uses of petrochemicals. 
11. Stereochemistry 
1. Introduction: Chiral molecules; Optical activity; Polarimetry; R,S and D,L configurations; Fischer projections; Enantiomerism; Racemates; Diastereomerism and meso structures.
2. Conformations: Ethane, propane, n-butane and cyclohexane conformations; Newman and sawhorse projections.
3. Geometrical isomerism in alkenes 
12. Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Oxygen and Nitrogen 
1. General: Electronic structure, important methods of preparation, important reactions and physical properties of alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, nitro compounds, amines, diazonium salts, cyanides and isocyanides.
2. Specific: Effect of substituents on alpha-carbon on acid strength, comparative reactivity of acid derivatives, basic character of amines and their separation, importance of diazonium salts in synthetic organic chemistry 
13. Biological, Industrial and Environmental chemistry 
1. The Cell: Concept of cell and energy cycle.
2. Carbohydrates: Classification; Monosaccharides; Structures of pentoses and hexoses; Anomeric carbon; Mutarotation; Simple chemical reactions of glucose, Disaccharides: reducing and non-reducing sugars – sucrose, maltose and lactose; Polysaccharides: elementary idea of structures of starch and cellulose. 
3. Proteins: Amino acids; Peptide bond; Polypeptides; Primary structure of proteins; Simple idea of secondary , tertiary and quarternary structures of proteins; Denaturation of proteins and enzymes.
4. Nucleic Acids: Types of nucleic acids; Primary building blocks of nucleic acids (chemical composition of DNA & RNA); Primary structure of DNA and its double helix; Replication; Transcription and protein synthesis; Genetic code.
5. Lipids, Hormones, Vitamins: Classification, structure, functions in biosystems.
6. Polymers: Classification of polymers; General methods of polymerization; Molecular mass of polymers; Biopolymers and biodegradable polymers; Free radical, cationic and anionic addition polymerizations; Copolymerization: Natural rubber; Vulcanization of rubber; Synthetic rubbers. Condensation polymers.
7. Pollution:  Environmental pollutants; soil, water and air pollution; Chemical reactions in atmosphere; Smog; Major atmospheric pollutants; Acid rain; Ozone and its reactions; Depletion of ozone layer and its effects; Industrial air pollution; Green house effect and global warming; Green Chemistry.
8. Chemicals in medicine, health-care and food: Analgesics, Tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, anti-microbials, anti-fertility drugs, antihistamines, antibiotics, antacids; Cosmetics: Creams, perfumes, talcum powder, deodorants; Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, antioxidants, and edible colours.
9. Other Industrial Chemicals: Dyes: Classification with examples – Indigo, methyl orange, aniline yellow, alizarin, malachite green; Advanced materials: Carbon fibers, ceramics, micro alloys; Detergents; Insect repellents, pheromones, sex attractants;  Rocket Propellants. 
14. Theoretical Principles of Experimental Chemistry 
1. Volumetric Analysis: Principles; Standard solutions of sodium carbonate and oxalic acid; Acid-base titrations; Redox reactions involving KI, H2SO4, Na2SO3, Na2S2O3and H2S; Potassium permanganate in acidic, basic and neutral media; Titrations of oxalic acid, ferrous ammonium sulphate with KMnO4, K2 Cr2O7/Na2S2O3, Cu(II)/Na2S2O3 
2. Qualitative analysis of Inorganic Salts: Principles in the determination of the cations Pb2+, Cu2+, As3+, Mn2+, Zn2+, Co2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, Fe3+, Ni2+ and the anions CO32-, S2-, SO42-, SO32-, NO2-, NO3-, Cl-, Br-, I-, PO43-, CH3COO-, C2O42-.
3. Physical Chemistry Experiments: crystallization of alum, copper sulphate, ferrous sulphate, double salt of alum and ferrous sulphate, potassium ferric sulphate; Temperature vs. solubility; pH measurements; Lyophilic and lyophobic sols; Dialysis; Role of emulsifying agents in emulsification.  Equilibrium studies involving  (i) ferric and thiocyanate ions (ii) [Co(H2O)6]2+ and chloride ions; Enthalpy determination for (i) strong acid vs. strong base neutralization reaction (ii) hydrogen bonding interaction between acetone and chloroform; Rates of the reaction between (i) sodium thiosulphate and hydrochloric acid, (ii) potassium iodate and sodium sulphite (iii) iodide vs. hydrogen peroxide,  concentration and temperature effects in these reactions; 
4. Purification Methods: Filtration, crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography. Principles of melting point and boiling point determination; principles of paper chromatographic separation – Rf  values. 
5. Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds: Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorous and halogens; Detection of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in foodstuff; Detection of alcoholic, phenolic, aldehydic, ketonic, carboxylic, amino groups and unsaturation.
6. Quantitative Analysis of Organic Compounds: Basic principles for the quantitative estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogen, sulphur and phosphorous; Molecular mass determination by silver salt and chloroplatinate salt methods; Elementary idea of mass spectrometer for accurate molecular mass determination; Calculations of empirical and molecular formulae.
7. Principles of Organic Chemistry Experiments:  Preparation of iodoform, acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, di-benzyl acetone, aniline yellow, beta-naphthol; Preparation of acetylene and study of its acidic character. 

BITSAT 2011 Biology Syllabus 
1. Diversity in Living World 
   1. Biology - its meaning and relevance to mankind
   2. What is living; Taxonomic categories and aids; Systematics and Binomial system of nomenclature.
   3. Introductory classification of living organisms (Two-kingdom system, Five-kingdom system);
   4. Plant kingdom - Salient features of major groups (Algae to Angiosperms);
   5. Animal kingdom - Salient features of Nonchordates up to phylum, and Chordates up to class level. 
2. Cell: The Unit of Life; Structure and Function 
   1.  Cell wall; Cell membrane; Endomembrane system (ER, Golgi apparatus/Dictyosome, Lysosomes, Vacuoles); Mitochondria; Plastids; Ribosomes; Cytoskeleton; Cilia and Flagella; Centrosome and Centriole; Nucleus; Microbodies.
   2.  Structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic, and between plant and animal cells.
   3. Cell cycle (various phases); Mitosis; Meiosis.
   4.  Biomolecules - Structure and function of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acids.
   5. Enzymes - Chemical nature, types, properties and mechanism of action. 
3. Genetics and Evolution 
   1.  Mendelian inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Gene interaction; Incomplete dominance; Co-dominance; Complementary genes; Multiple alleles;
   2. Linkage and Crossing over; Inheritance patterns of hemophilia and blood groups in humans.
   3.  DNA -its organization and replication; Transcription and Translation;
   4.  Gene expression and regulation; DNA fingerprinting.
   5. Theories and evidences of evolution, including modern Darwinism. 
4. Structure and Function - Plants 
   1.  Morphology of a flowering plant; Tissues and tissue systems in plants; Anatomy and function of root, stem (including modifications), leaf, inflorescence, flower (including position and arrangement of different whorls, placentation), fruit and seed; Types of fruit; Secondary growth;
   2. Absorption and movement of water (including diffusion, osmosis and water relations of cell) and of nutrients; Translocation of food; Transpiration and gaseous exchange; Mechanism of stomatal movement.
   3. Mineral nutrition - Macro- and micro-nutrients in plants including deficiency disorders; Biological nitrogen fixation mechanism.
   4. Photosynthesis - Light reaction, cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; various pathways of carbon dioxide fixation; Photorespiration; Limiting factors.
   5. Respiration - Anaerobic, Fermentation, Aerobic; Glycolysis, TCA cycle; Electron transport system; Energy relations. 
5. Structure and Function - Animals 
   1. Human Physiology - Digestive system - organs, digestion and absorption; Respiratory system - organs, breathing and exchange and transport of gases.
   2. Body fluids and circulation - Blood, lymph, double circulation, regulation of cardiac activity; Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases.
   3. Excretion system - Urine formation, regulation of kidney function
   4. Locomotion and movement - Skeletal system, joints, muscles, types of movement.
   5. Control and co-ordination - Central and peripheral nervous systems, structure and function of neuron, reflex action and sensory reception; Role of various types of endocrine glands; Mechanism of hormone action. 
6. Reproduction, Growth and Movement in Plants 
   1. Asexual methods of reproduction;
   2. Sexual Reproduction - Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination (Types and agents); Fertilization; Development of embryo, endosperm, seed and fruit (including parthenocarpy and elminth).
   3. Growth and Movement - Growth phases; Types of growth regulators and their role in seed dormancy, germination and movement;
   4. Apical dominance; Senescence; Abscission; Photo- periodism; Vernalisation;
   5. Various types of movements. 
7. Reproduction and Development in Humans 
   1. Male and female reproductive systems;
   2. Menstrual cycle; Gamete production; Fertilisation; Implantation;
   3. Embryo development;
   4. Pregnancy and parturition;
   5. Birth control and contraception. 
8. Ecology and Environment 
   1. Meaning of ecology, environment, habitat and niche.
   2. Ecological levels of organization (organism to biosphere); Characteristics of Species, Population, Biotic Community and Ecosystem; Succession and Climax. Ecosystem - Biotic and abiotic components; Ecological pyramids; Food chain and Food web;
   3. Energy flow; Major types of ecosystems including agroecosystem.
   4. Ecological adaptations - Structural and physiological features in plants and animals of aquatic and desert habitats.
   5. Biodiversity and Environmental Issues - Meaning, types and conservation strategies (Biosphere reserves, National parks and Sanctuaries), Air and Water Pollution (sources and major pollutants); Global warming and Climate change; Ozone depletion; Noise pollution; Radioactive pollution; Methods of pollution control (including an idea of bioremediation); Deforestation; Extinction of species (Hot Spots). 
9. Biology and Human Welfare 
   1. Animal husbandry - Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries; Major animal diseases and their control. Pathogens of major communicable diseases of humans caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoans and elminthes, and their control.
   2.  Cancer; AIDS.
   3. Adolescence and drug/alcohol abuse;
   4. Basic concepts of immunology.
   5. Plant Breeding and Tissue Culture in crop improvement. 
10. Biotechnology and its Applications 
   1. Microbes as ideal system for biotechnology;
   2. Microbial technology in food processing, industrial production (alcohol, acids, enzymes, antibiotics), sewage treatment and energy generation.
   3. Steps in recombinant DNA technology - restriction enzymes, NA insertion by vectors and other methods, regeneration of recombinants
   4. Applications of R-DNA technology in human health -Production of Insulin, Vaccines and Growth hormones, Organ transplant, Gene therapy.
   5. Applications in Industry and Agriculture - Production of expensive enzymes, strain improvement to scale up bioprocesses, GM crops by transfer of genes for nitrogen fixation, herbicide-resistance and pest-resistance including Bt crops.
English Proficiency and Logical Reasoning 
English Proficiency 
This test is designed to assess the test takers’ general proficiency in the use of English language as a means of self-expression in real life situations and specifically to test the test takers’ knowledge of basic grammar, their vocabulary, their ability to read fast and comprehend, and also their ability to apply the elements of effective  writing. 
1. Grammar 
1. Agreement, Time and Tense, Parallel construction, Relative pronouns
2. Determiners, Prepositions, Modals, Adjectives
3. Voice, Transformation
4. Question tags, Phrasal verbs 
2. Vocabulary 
1. Synonyms, Antonyms, Odd Word, One Word, Jumbled letters,
Homophones, Spelling
2. Contextual meaning.
3. Analogy 
3. Reading Comprehension 
1. Content/ideas
2. Vocabulary
3. Referents
4. Idioms/Phrases
5. Reconstruction (rewording) 
4. Composition 
1. Rearrangement
2. Paragraph Unity
3. Linkers/Connectives 
Logical Reasoning 
The test is given to the candidates to judge their power of reasoning spread in verbal and nonverbal areas. The candidates should be able to think logically so that they perceive the data accurately, understand the relationships correctly, figure out the missing numbers or words, and to apply rules to new and different contexts. These indicators are measured through performance on such tasks as detecting missing links, following directions, classifying words, establishing sequences, and completing analogies.   
Verbal Reasoning 
1. Analogy 
Analogy means correspondence. In the questions based on analogy, a particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided. 
2. Classification 
Classification means to assort the items of a given group on the basis of certain common quality they possess and then spot the odd option out. 
3. Series Completion 
Here series of numbers or letters are given and one is asked to either complete the series or find out the wrong part in the series. 
4. Logical Deduction – Reading Passage 
Here a brief passage is given and based on the passage the candidate is required to identify the correct or incorrect logical conclusions. 
5. Chart Logic 
Here a chart or a table is given that is partially filled in and asks to complete it in accordance with the information given either in the chart / table or in the question. 
6. Nonverbal Reasoning 
1. Pattern Perception 
Here a certain pattern is given and generally a quarter is left blank. The candidate is required to identify the correct quarter from the given four alternatives. 
2. Figure Formation and Analysis 
The candidate is required to analyze and form a figure from various given parts. 
3. Paper Cutting 
It involves the analysis of a pattern that is formed when a folded piece of paper is cut into a definite design. 
4. Figure Matrix 
In this more than one set of figures is given in the form of a matrix, all of them following the same rule. The candidate is required to follow the rule and identify the missing figure. 
5. Rule Detection 
Here a particular rule is given and it is required to select from the given sets of figures, a set of figures, which obeys the rule and forms the correct series.