Monday, December 20, 2010

Abbreviations associated with Computer


Here are some important abbreviations associated with Computer and web technology. These terms are very basic and general known by many peoples, but aim of sharing here to spread with unaware people.
CDAC : Centre for Development of Advanced Parallel Computing.
C-DOT : Center for Development of Telematrics.
HTTP : Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
ROM : Read Only Memory
RAM : Random Access Memory
BIOS : Basic Input- Output System.
MODEM : Modulation – Demodulation.
CAD : Computer Aided Design.
PSTN : Public Switched Public Data Network.
PSPDN : Pocket Switched Public.
RABAN : Remote Area Business Message Network.
LAN : Local Area Network
WAN : Wide Area Network .
MAN : Metropolitan Area Network.
CDMA : Code Division Multiple Access.
GAIS : Gateway Internet Access Service
E-Mail : Electronic Mail.
CD : Compact Disc.
LDU : Liquid Display Unit.
CPU : Central Processing Unit.
CAM : Computer Aided Manufacturing.
CATScan : Computerized Axial Tomography Scan .
COBOL : Common Business Oriented Language.
COMAL : Common Algorithmic Language.
DOS : Disk Operating System.
DTS : Desk Top System
DTP : Desk Top Publishing.
E-Commerce : Electronic Commerce.
ENIAC : Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator
FAX : Far Away Xerox.
FLOPS : Floating Operations Per Second.
FORTRAN : Formula Translation.
HLL : High Level Language.
HTML : Hyper Text Markup Language.
IBM : International Business Machine.
IC : Integrated Circuit
ISH : International Super Highway.
LISP : List Processing.
LLL : Low Level Language
MICR : Magnetic Ink Character Recognizer.
MIPS : Millions of Instructions Per Second.
MOPS : Millions of Operations Per Second.
MPU : Micro Processor Unit.
NICNET : National Information Center Network.
OMR : Optical Mark Reader.
PC-DOT : Personal Computer Disk Operation System.
PROM : Programmable Read Only Memory.
SNOBOL : String Oriented Symbolic Language.
UPS : Uninterpretable Power Supply.
VDU : Visual Display Unit.
VLSI : Very Large Scale Integrated.
WWW : World Wide Web.
Some others abbreviations suggested by Mohammed Rafi:
WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network.
Wi-fi – Wireless Fidelity
TIFF – Tagged Image File Format
e-SATA – External Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
WiMAX – Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
JPEG – Joint Photographic Experts Group
GIF – Graphics Interchange Format
ATX – Advanced Technology Extended
UATX – Ultra Advanced Technology Extended
FATX – Flex Advanced Technology Extended
MATX – Micro Advanced Technology Extended
EEATX – Enhanced Extended Advanced Technology Extended
DDR SDRAM – Double-Data-Rate Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
DDR RAM – Double-Data-Rate Random Access Memory
GUI – Graphical User Interfaces
CUI – Command User Interfaces
If you know some other terms and abbreviations relted to computer, you can have a comment on the post so that can be added to the list.


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