Tuesday, April 12, 2011

Indian History : After Independence


Indian History : After Independence

Mahatma Gandhi assassinated.

Indian Constitution adopted.

India goes Republic; Death of Sardar Patel.

First Five-Year Plan launched.

Independent India's First General Elections to the Lok Sabha.

Conquest of Mt. Everest by Ten Zing and Edmund Hillary.

States Reorganisation Act.

Second General Elections to the Lok Sabha.

Goa, Daman and Diu liberated from the possession of Portuguese.

China's attack on India; Third General Election.

Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru died; Lal Bahadur Shastri took over as the new Prime Minister.

Indo-Pak War; Ceasefire.

Tashkent Pact; Death of Lal Bahadur Shastri; Mrs. Indira Gandhi took over as the new P.M.; Punjab divided; Formation of Haryana

Fourth General Elections.

Emergency lifted.

Death of President Zakir Husain, V. V. Giri elected as new President; Split in Congress; Nationalisation of 14 Banks.

Fourth Lok Sabha dissolved; First atomic power station launched
at Tarapur.

General Elections; Statehood to Himachal Pradesh; Indo-Pak War, Birth of Bangladesh.

New States of Meghalaya, Tripura and Manipur; Assam state reorganised; Shimla Agreement; Death of C. Rajgopalachari.

Nationalisation of Coal Mines; Mysore state renamed Karnataka.

Nuclear explosion by India making her the sixth nuclear power in the World; Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed took over as the fifth President; Sikkim granted associate statehood to India.

Sikkim becomes the 22nd state of India; India enters space age with the launching of Aryabhatta; Dr. Radhakrishnan dies; First Internal Emergency in independent India.

Diplomatic relations with China & Pakistan restored; Lok Sabha extended for another year; 42nd Constitution Amendement Bill passed.

Lok Sabha Elections; President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed died; Combination of four opposition parties named as Janata Party gets absolute majority; Mr. Morarji Desai became P. M.; Emergency lifted; N. Sanjiva Reddy elected President.

India's Second satellite Bhaskara goes into orbit; Resignation of Mr. Morarji Desai as P. M.; Mr. Charan Singh sworn in as the new P.M.; Lok Sabha dissolved and mid-term poll announced; Death of  Loknayak Jay Prakash Narayan.

General Elections to the Lok Sabha; Mrs. Gandhi returns to Power; Formation of Bharatiya Janata Party; Six more commercial banks nationalised, Launching of first satellite into orbit, Sanjay Gandhi died in air crash.

India's first geostationary experimental communication satellite, APPLE, launched, Bhaskara II launched.

46th Amendement Bill passed by Lok Sabha, Agreement for Supply of Mirage 2000.

Rakesh Sharma is became India's first spaceman, Phu Dorjee becomes the first Indian to scale Mt. Everest without oxygen; Bachendri Pal becomes the first Indian woman to scale Mt. Everest; Operation Bluestar in Punjab to flush out extremists and terrorists from the Golden Temple and from Gurudwaras; Mrs. Indira Gandhi assassinated by her own security guards, Rajiv Gandhi takes over as the new P.M., More than 2,000 persons die due to the gas leakages in the Union Carbide factory in Bhopal, Eighth General Elections and Congress (I) gets massive majority.

Lok Sabha passes Anti-defection Bill.                                   

India's first test tube baby `Indira' is born at Bombay.

Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh declared 23rd and 24th state of India,. Mr. R. Venkataraman sworn in as 8th President of India.

Six opposition parties and Jan Morcha launch National Front. A new opposition party, the Janata Dal is launched Bangalore with V.P. Singh as its Chairman.

The Supreme Court of India settles compensation for the Bhopal Gas tragedy victims at 470 million dollars. For the first time in the history of Parliament 73 M.Ps. resigned enmass.

Upper age limit for the Civil Services Examination enhanced. The Union Government decided to implement the Mandal Commission report. 27 percent jobs to be reserved for Backward Classes.

India allows U.S. military planes to refuel in country. Rajiv Gandhi assassinated at Sriperumbdur, 45 km. from Chennai.

Woman commission constituted, Narsimha Rao wins confidence vote, Agreement on Tin Bigha, Babri Masjid demolished, Communal riots envelope the country.

Russian President Boris Yeltsin visits India, Bodoland problem solved, Human Rights Commission set up.

India successfully launches ASLV-D4. Surat declared pleague hit. First heart transplantation in the country.

SAARC Summit in New Delhi. Punjab C.M. Beant Singh assassinated.

India-Bangladesh sign Ganga Water Pact.

U.F. Govt. led by H.D. Deve Gowda resigns. India celebrates 50th year of its independence. Lok Sabha dissolved.

1998Death sentence for 26 persons in Rajiv Gandhi assassination case.

Operation Vijay makes a headway in Kargil.                         

India US Joint working group on counter terrorism. TRAI ordinance promulgated.

Summit in Agra with Pakistan, GSLV placed a satellite in a Geosynchronous Transfer orbit, Launching of PSLV-C3, Attack on the Parliament house, Missile Nag successfully test fired, Year of Census; collect data of one billion plus population.

POTA passed in joint session. Missile man Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam elected as 12th President of India, India's first full-fledged meterological satellite METSET was successfully launched from Sriharikota.

India and Pakistan exchange lists of nuclear installations, Canada, Australia, Singapore, New Zealand and EU Countries, Iranian President Moh. Khatami was the Chief Guest at India's 54th Republic Day Celebration, Brahmos, the supersonic, antiship cruise missile successfully test fired. RESOURCESAT-I sucessfully launched, India-Thailand signed five agreement. Bodo, Santhali, Maithili & Dogri languages included in the 8th Schedule.

Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee attended the 12th SAARC Summit in Islamabad. President of Brazil was the Chief guest at India's 55th Republic day. The Election Commission announces Lok Sabha election. NDA loses Lok Sabha elections. President appoints Dr. Man Mohan Singh new Prime Minister of India. Major Rajyvardhan Singh wins silver medel in olympic double trap event. India's first educational satellite EDUSAT launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. Vilas Rao Deshmukh sworn in C.M. of Maharashtra.

The Union Cabinet approves the National Rural Health Mission, Noted film-maker, The Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, launches the National Legal Literacy Mission, in New Delhi, Punit Arora takes over as the first woman Vice-Admiral in the Navy, The Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, launches the National Knowledge Commission, Justice Y.K. Sabharwal is sworn in Chief Justice of India, Uma Bharati is expelled from the BJP for `indiscipline', Raj Thackeray quits the Shiv Sena, Lal Krishna Advani resigns as BJP president.

India-Pakistan exchange lists of nuclear facilities, 93rd congress held in Hyderabad, Lahore-Amritsar Bus Service begins, President
or APJ Abdul Kalam assent the constitution amendment bill providing reservation for the socially and educationally backward classes. VAT implemented in 27 states. Domestic Violence Act, 2005 comes into effect. Ban on child labour under the provisions of child labour Act, 1986. Sachar Committee submitted report on Muslims. Prithvi Interceptor Missile tested successfully. India-US Nuke deal approved by the US Congress.

INSAT-4B is successfully launched by Ariane-5 launcher from the spaceport of Kourou in French Guyana. Sara Jane selected new Miss India-world, 2007. PSLV-C8 Launched Italian Satellite in space. Mayawati sworn in as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. Ms. Pratibha Devisingh Patil was sworn in as the first woman President of India. Mohammad Hamid Ansari was sworn in as the Vice-President of India. Ace Shooter Manavjit Singh Sandhu has been awarded the prestigious Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, 2006. Lt. Gen. Deepak Kapoor has been appointed as the chief of Army Staff. President rule in Karnataka.


andy john said...

Learn and practice important MCQ on Current affairs, Education, GK, Himachal Pradesh for Competitive Exams & Govt. jobs

Anonymous said...

very helpful

Post a Comment